I am an historian of western Europe and the Mediterranean in Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages. My research focuses on the social, cultural and intellectual history of the post-Roman Barbarian kingdoms of the early medieval West; Western Liturgy; early medieval Latin Palaeography and Codicology. I have published numerous articles and several books, among them Culture and Religion in Merovingian Gaul, 481-751 (1995); The Sacramentary of Echternach (1997); The Royal Patronage of Liturgy in Frankish Gaul to the Death of Charles the Bald (2001); Roman Barbarians: The Royal Court and Culture in the Early Medieval West (2007).

I am currently teaching in the Department of History (The Hebrew University of Jerusalem), and I am the Director of the Israel Institute for Advanced Studies.


Fields of Interest and Research

  • Social, cultural and religious history of the late-antique and the early medieval World
  • The post-Roman Barbarian kingdoms of Western Europe and North Africa
  • The early medieval Mediterranean
  • Early Christian liturgy
  • Latin palaeography and codicology
  • The Middle Ages in film and TV adaptations


Culture and Religion Echternach 1000 Uses Nashim Linder Patronage Reshita ChM 89 Bobbio Roman BArbarians Levison Ora 118 Sermo Jews MED MedCam white white white