Authored Books

Culture and Religion in Merovingian Gaul, A.D. 481-751 (Brill: Leiden, New York and Köln, 1995)

The Sacramentary of Echternach, Henry Bradshaw Society 110 (Boydell & Brewer: London, 1997)

The End of the First Millennium: Religion, Society, and Culture in the Tenth Century (MOD Press: Tel-Aviv, 2000) [in Hebrew]

The Royal Patronage of Liturgy in Frankish Gaul to the Death of Charles the Bald (877), Henry Bradshaw Society, subsidia 3 (Boydell & Brewer: London, 2001)

The Beginning of Europe: Western Europe in the Early Middle Ages, written with Ora Limor, Iris Shagrir and Dafna Ephrat, 4 vols. (Open University Press: Tel-Aviv, 2003) [in Hebrew]

Roman Barbarians: The Royal Court and Culture in the Early Medieval West (Palgrave-Macmillan: London and New York, 2007) [Bulgarian translation by Elika Rafi (Sophia, 2010); German, French and Italian translations are in preparation]


Edited Books

The Uses of the Past in the Early Middle Ages, co-edited with Matthew Innes (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 2000)

De Sion Exibit Lex et Verbum Domini de Hierusalem. Studies on Medieval Law, Liturgy and Literature in honour of Amnon Linder, Cultural Encounters in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, 1 (Brepols: Turnhout, 2001).

Women, Children and the Elderly. Studies in Honour of Shulamith Shahar, co-edited with Miri Eliav-Feldon (Merkaz Zalman Shazar: Jerusalem, 2002) [in Hebrew]

The Bobbio Missal: Liturgy and Religious Culture in Merovingian Gaul, co-edited with Rob Meens (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 2004)

Wilhelm Levison (1876-1947): Ein jüdisches Forscherleben zwischen wissenschaftlicher Anerkennung und politischem Exil, co-edited with Matthias Becher, Bonner Historische Forschungen 63 (Verlag Franz Schmitt: Siegburg, 2010)

Ut videant et contingant: Essays on Pilgrimage and Sacred Space in Honour of Ora Limor, co-edited with Iris Shagrir (Open University Press: Ra’anana, 2011) [in Hebrew]

Sermo doctorum: Compilers, Preachers and Their Audiences in the Early Medieval West, co-edited with Max Diesenberger and Marianne Pollheimer (Brepols: Turnhout, 2014)

Barbarians and Jews: Jews and Judaism in the Early Medieval West, co-edited with Tom F.X. Noble (Brepols: Turnhout, 2018)

East and West in the Early Middle Ages: The Merovingian Kingdoms in Mediterranean Perspective, co-edited with Stefan Esders, Yaniv Fox and Laury Sarti (Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, 2019)

The Merovingian Kingdoms and the Mediterranean World: Revisiting the Sources, co-edited with Pia Bockius, Stefan Esders and Tamar Rotman (Bloomsbury: London, 2019)


Edited Special Issues

The Early Middle Ages, in Zmanim 89 (2005) [in Hebrew]

Distant but Well-Lit: A Fresh Look at the Middle Ages, co-edited with Iris Shagrir, in Zmanim 118 (2012) [in Hebrew]


Annotated translations from Latin

Einhard’s Life of Charlemagne: translation, introduction, commentary and appendices (OU Press: Tel-Aviv, 2005) [in Hebrew]

The Anonymous Biography of Theoderic the Great, King of the Ostrogoths: translation, introduction, commentary and appendices (in preparation)


Papers and Chapters

‘Gregory of Tours, Clovis and Pro-Merovingian Propaganda’, Revue Belge de Philologie et d’Histoire 71 (1993), pp. 271-6

‘Gregory of Tours and the Holy Land’, Orientalia Christiana Periodica 61 (1995), pp. 47-64

‘Unity in Diversity: the Frankish Liturgy before the Carolingians’, Studies in Church History 32 (1995), pp. 19-31

‘Scrittori della Galia’, in Patrologia, vol. IV – I Padri latini dal Concilio di Calcedonia (451) a Beda, ed. Angelo de Berardino (Vatican City, 1996), pp. 249-365

‘The structure and aims of the Visio Baronti’, Journal of Theological Studies 47 (1996), pp. 477-497

‘Drinking and Drunkards in the early Middle Ages’, Zmanim 56 (1996), pp. 56-63 [in Hebrew]

‘The relic-labels from the Holy Land in Frankish Gaul’, Cathedra 82 (1997), pp. 25-44 [in Hebrew]

‘A new manuscript witness for the Tetrasticon authenticum de singulis mensibus’, Scripta Classica Israelica 16 (1997), pp. 199-211

‘The liturgy of St Willibrord’, Anglo-Saxon England 26 (1997), pp. 41-62

‘Holy Land Pilgrims from Frankish Gaul’, Revue Belge de Philologie et d’Histoire 76 (1998), pp. 291-306

‘The Uses of the Bible and the perception of kingship in Merovingian Gaul’, Early Medieval Europe 7 (1998), pp. 277-289

‘The fifth century’, ‘The sixth century’, ‘The seventh century’, in 2000 Years of Jewish History, ed. Shlomo Ben-Ami and Nissim Mishal (Tel-Aviv, 1999), pp. 54-55, 66-67, and 84-85 [in Hebrew]

‘Les authentique des reliques de la Terre Sainte en Gaule Franque’, Le Moyen Age 105 (1999), pp. 71-90

‘Liturgy’, in Late Antiquity. A Guide to the Postclassical World, ed. Glen Bowersock, Peter Brown and Oleg Grabar (Cambridge MA, 1999), pp. 544-546

‘The early liturgy of Echternach’, in Die Abtei Echternach, 698-1998, ed. M.C. Ferrari, J. Schroeder and H. Trauffler, Publication du CLUDEM 15 (Luxembourg, 1999), pp. 53-64

‘The Knowledge of canon law among rural priests: the evidence of two manuscripts from around 800’, Journal of Theological Studies 50 (1999), pp. 117-134

‘“Milites christi utriusque sexus”: gender and the politics of conversion in the circle of Boniface’, Revue Bénédictine 109 (1999), pp. 17-31

‘Arnold Angenendt’s History of Medieval Religiosity’, Revue Belge de Philologie et d’Histoire 77 (1999), pp. 473-479

‘The Annals of Metz and the Merovingian past’, in The Uses of the Past in the Early Middle Ages, ed. Yitzhak Hen and Matthew Innes (Cambridge, 2000), pp. 175-190

‘Before Mohammed and Charlemagne: New Studies on the Transformation of the Roman World’, Scripta Classica Israelica 19 (2000), pp. 235-249

‘Paul the Deacon and the Frankish liturgy’, in Paulo Diacono. Uno scrittore fra tradizione longobarda e rinnovamento carolingio, ed. Paulo Chiesa (Udine, 2000), pp. 205-221

‘Echternach’, ‘Isidore of Seville’, ‘Pirminius’, in Encyclopaedia of Monasticism, ed. W.M. Johnston, 2 vols. (Chicago, 2000), I, pp. 421-422, 667-669; II, pp. 1030-1031

‘Educating the clergy: canon law and liturgy in a Carolingian handbook from the time of Charles the Bald’, in De Sion Exibit Lex et Verbum Domini de Hierusalem. Studies on Medieval Law, Liturgy and Literature in Honour of Amnon Linder, ed. Yitzhak Hen (Turnhout, 2001), pp. 43-58

‘Martin of Braga’s De Correctione Rusticorum and its uses in Frankish Gaul’, in Medieval Transformations, ed. Esther Cohen and Mayke de Jong (Leiden, New York and Köln, 2001), pp. 35-49

‘Merovingian hagiography and Carolingian propaganda’, Historia 8 (2001), pp. 53-71 [in Hebrew]

‘Liturgische hervormirgen onder Pepijn de Korte en Karel de Grote: de illusie van romanisering’, Millennium 15 (2001), pp. 97-113

‘Paganism and superstitions in the time of Gregory of Tours: une question mal posée!’, in The World of Gregory of Tours, ed. Kathleen Mitchell and Ian Wood (Leiden, New York and Köln, 2002), pp. 229-240

‘Rome, Anglo-Saxon England and the formation of the Frankish liturgy’, Revue Bénédictine 112 (2002), pp. 301-322

‘A Merovingian commentary on the Four Gospels’, Revue des Études Augustinienne 49 (2003), pp. 167-187

‘Neither simple, nor obvious: power and the transformation of the Roman world’, Scripta Classica Israelica 22 (2003), pp. 297-304

‘The Bobbio Missal — from Mabillon onwards ...’, in The Bobbio Missal: Liturgy and Religious Culture in Merovingian Gaul, ed. Yitzhak Hen and Rob Meens (Cambridge, 2004), pp. 1-18

‘The liturgy of the Bobbio Missal’, in The Bobbio Missal: Liturgy and Religious Culture in Merovingian Gaul, ed. Yitzhak Hen and Rob Meens (Cambridge, 2004), pp. 140-153

‘Gender and the patronage of culture in Merovingian Gaul’ in Gender in the Early Medieval World: East and West, 300-900, ed. Leslie Brubaker and Julia Smith (Cambridge, 2004), pp. 217-233

‘The Christianisation of Kingship’, in Der Dynastiewechsel von 751. Vorgeschichte, Legitimationsstrategien und Errinerung, ed. Jörg Jarnut and Matthias Becher (Münster, 2004), pp. 163-177

‘On kings and liturgy in Frankish Gaul’, Zmanim 89 (2005), pp. 68-71 [in Hebrew].

‘Wilhelm Levison’, The New Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press: Oxford, 2005) [online publication]

‘Merovingian Liturgy’ and ‘Carolingian Liturgy’, International Encyclopaedia for the Middle Ages. A Supplement to Lexikon des Mittelalters (Brepols: Turnhout, 2005) [online publication]

‘Food and drink in Merovingian Gaul’, in Tätigkeitsfelder und Erfahrungshorizonte des ländischen Menschen in der Frühmittelalterlichen Grundherrschaft (bis ca. 1000), ed. Brigitte Kasten (Köln, 2006), pp. 99-110

‘Charlemagne’s Jihad’, Viator 37 (2006), pp. 33-51

‘Books and libraries in the Carolingian renaissance’, in Libraries and Book Collections, ed. Y. Kaplan and M. Sluhovsky (Jerusalem, 2006), pp. 65-77 [in Hebrew]

‘The recycling of liturgy under Pippin III and Charlemagne’, in Medieval Manuscripts in Transition, ed. G.H.M. Classens and W. Verbeke, Mediaevalia Lovaniensia 36 (Leuven, 2006), pp. 149-160

‘Flirtant avec la liturgie: rois et liturgie en Gaule franque’, Cahiers de Civilisation Médiévale 50 (2007), pp. 33-42

‘Liturgical palimpsests from the early Middle Ages’, in Early Medieval Palimpsests, ed. G. Declercq, Bibliologia 26 (Turnhout, 2007), pp. 37-54

‘Missionaries and liturgy’, in Bonifatius: Leben und Nachwirken. Die Gestaltung des christlichen Europa im Frühmittelalter, ed. F.J. Felten, J. Jarnut, M. Mostert and L.E. von Padberg (Mainz, 2007), pp. 341-352

‘Karl’s Jihad’, Zmanim 100 (2007), pp. 48-55 [in Hebrew]

‘Chrodegang’, ‘Clovis’, ‘Columbanus’, ‘Gregory of Tours’ and ‘Willibrord’, The New Westminster Dictionary of Church History (Louisville, 2008), pp. 147, 159, 283-4, 681.

‘Converting the Barbarians’, in Medieval Christianity, ed. Daniel E. Bornstein, The People’s History of Christianity 4 (Minneapolis, 2008), pp. 29-52

‘The early medieval Barbatoria’, in Medieval Christianity in Practice, ed. Miri Rubin (Princeton, 2009), pp. 21-24

‘Religious culture and the power of tradition in the early medieval West’, in The Blackwell Companion to Medieval Europe, ed. C. Lansing and E.D. English (Oxford, 2009), pp. 67-85

‘Liturgy and religious culture in late Anglo-Saxon England’, Early Medieval Europe 17 (2009), pp. 329-342

‘Canvassing for Charles: The Annals of Mets in late Carolingian Francia’, in Zeit und Vergangenheit in fränkischen Europa, ed. Richard Coradini and Helmut Reimitz (Vienna, 2010), pp. 121-128

‘A Visigothic king in search of an identity – Sisebutus Gothorum gloriosissimus princeps’, in Ego Troubles: Authors and their Identities in the Early Middle Ages, ed. R. McKitterick, I. van Renswude and M. Gillis (Vienna, 2010), pp. 89-99

‘Wilhelm Levison’s Willibrord and Echternach’, in Wilhelm Levison (1876-1947) – Ein jüdische Forscherleben zwischen wissenschaftlicher Anerkenunnung und politischem Exil, ed. Matthias Becher and Yitzhak Hen (Bonn, 2010), pp. 187-198

‘Shaving the beard of the long-haired kings’, Zmanim 111 (2010), pp. 18-22 [in Hebrew]

‘The nature and character of the early Irish liturgy’, in L’Irlanda e gli Irlandesi nell’alto medioevo, Settimane di studio del Centro italiano di studi sull’alto medioevo 57 (Spoleto, 2010), pp. 353-380

‘The Romanisation of the Frankish liturgy: ideal, reality and the rhetoric of reform’, in Rome Across Time and Space, c. 500-1400: Cultural Transmission and the Exchange of Ideas, ed. C. Bolgia, R. McKitterick and J. Osborn (Cambridge, 2011), pp. 111-123

‘Blue Martyrs: pilgrimage and penance in the early Middle Ages’, in Ut videant et contingant: Essays on Pilgrimage and Sacred Space in Honour of Ora Limor, ed. Yitzhak Hen and Iris Shagrir (Ra’anana, 2011), pp. 125-134 [in Hebrew]

‘Changing places: Marculf, Chrodobert and the wife of Grimoald’, Revue Belge de Philologie et D’histoire 90 (2012), pp. 225-243

‘La repressione dei pagani nell’agiografia merovingia’, in Agiografia e culture popolari, ed. Paolo Gollineli (Verona, 2012), pp. 193-206

‘On the living and the dead: the Visio Baronti in context’, Zmanim 124 (2013), pp. 6-17 [in Hebrew]

‘Specula principum carolingi e l’immagine di Constantino’, in Flavius Valerius Constantinus Maximus Augustus: Una enciclopedia internazionale sulla figura, il mitto, la critica e la funzione dell’imperatore dell’ “Editto” di Milano, ed. Alberto Melloni et al. (Rome, 2013), pp. 515-522

‘The content and aims of the so-called Homiliary of Burchard of Würzburg’, in Sermo doctorum: Compilers, Preachers and their Audiences in the Early Medieval West, ed. Max Diesenberger, Yitzhak Hen and Marianne Pollheimer (Turnhout, 2014), pp. 127-152

‘Conversion and Masculinity in the Early Medieval West’, in Religious Conversions: Experiences and Meanings, ed. Miri Rubin and Ira Katznelson (Farnham, 2014), 151-167

‘Die karolingische Liturgie und Rom’, in Karl der Große: Orte der Macht, ed. Frank Pohle (Aachen, 2014), pp. 338-345

‘Conclusion: the elusive nature of an orthodox heresy’, in Arianism: Roman Heresy and Barbarian Creed, ed. Guido Berndt and Roland Steinacher (Farnham, 2014), pp. 311-315

‘Court and culture in the Barbarian West: a prelude to the Carolingian Renaissance’, in Le corti nell’alto medioevo, Settimane di studi del Centro italiano di studi sull’alto medioevo 62 (Spoleto, 2015), pp. 627-651

‘The early medieval West’, in The Cambridge History of Witchcraft and Magic, ed. David Collins (Cambridge, 2015), pp. 183-206

‘Key themes in the study of early medieval Liturgy’, in T&T Clark Companion to Liturgy, ed. Alcuin Reid (London, 2015), pp. 73-92

‘Priests and books in the Merovingian period’, in Early Medieval Priests, ed. Stefan Patzold and Karin van Rijn (Berlin and New York, 2016), pp. 162-176

‘The Liturgy of the Irish on the Continent’, in The Irish in Medieval Europe: Identity, Culture and Religion, ed. R. Flechner and S. Meder (London, 2016), pp. 146-157

‘Liturgy and the propagation of faith in the early medieval West’, Quaestones Medii Aevi Novae 21 (2016), pp. 191-205

‘The Liturgy of the Prague Sacramentary’, in The Prague Sacramentary, Stuart Airlie, Max Diesenberger, Rob Meens and Els Rose eds., (Turnhout, 2016), pp. 79-94

‘The Frankish Church in the sixth century’, in A Companion to Gregory of Tours, ed. A.C. Murray (Leiden, 2016), pp. 232-255

‘Alcuin, Seneca, and the Brahmins of India’, in Religious Franks: Religion and Power in the Frankish Kingdoms: Studies in Honour of Mayke de Jong, ed. Rob Meens et al. (Manchester, 2016), pp. 148-161

‘A double-edge sword: Jews and the rhetoric of power in Ostrogothic Italy’, co-authored with Gerda Heydemann, in Barbarians and Jews: Jews and Judaism in the Early Medieval West, ed. Y. Hen and T.F.X. Noble (Turnhout, 2018), pp. 93-118

‘Compelling and intense: the Christian transformation of Romanness’, in Transformations of Romanness in the Early Middle Ages: Regions and Identities, ed. W. Pohl and C. Griffoni (Berlin, 2018), 59-67

‘The post-Roman royal courts’, in The Oxford Dictionary of Late Antiquity, ed. O. Nicholson and M. Humphries (Oxford, 2018), p. 429

‘When liturgy gets out of hand’, in Writing the Early Medieval West: Studies in Honour of Rosamond McKitterick, ed. E. Screen and C. West (Cambridge, 2018), pp. 203-212

‘Anonymous, Expositio totius mundi et gentium’, in The Words of Japheth: An Anthology of Writings by Greek Intellectuals in Ancient Palestine, ed. D. Dueck, D. Gera and N. Shuval-Dudai (Jerusalem, 2018), pp. 125-128 [in Hebrew]

‘Defensor of Lugugé’s Liber scintillarum and the migration of knowledge’, in East and West in the Early Middle Ages: The Merovingian Kingdoms in Mediterranean Perspective, ed. S. Esders, Y. Fox, Y. Hen and L. Sarti (Cambridge, 2019), pp. 218-229

‘History, geography and the notion of mare nostrum in the early medieval West’, in The Merovingian Kingdoms and the Mediterranean world: Revisiting the Sources, ed. P. Bockius, S. Esders, Y. Hen and T. Rotman (London, 2019), pp. 11-18 & 163-167

‘Dialog und Debatte in Spätantike und frühmittelalterlichem Christentum’, in Das Christentum im frühen Mittelalter, ed. U. Heil (Berlin, 2019), pp. 157-169

‘Crossing families in Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages’, in The Family in Late Antiquity, ed. Yaniv Fox and Uri Simonsohn (Jerusalem, in press)

‘Les élites culturelles’, in L’Austrasie: pouvoire, espances et indentité a la charnière de l’Antiquité et du Moyen Âge, ed. Bruno Dumézil and Silvie Joye (Paris, in press)

‘The Merovingian polity: a network of courts and courtiers’, in The Oxford Companion to Merovingian History, ed. B. Effros and I. Moreira (Oxford, in press)

‘A liturgical handbook for the use of a rural priest (Brussels, BR 10127-10144)’, in Organising the Written Word: Scripts, Manuscripts and Texts, ed. M. Mostert (Turnhout, in press).

‘The Byzantine Holy Land and the West’, in A Companion to the Byzantine Holy Land, ed. J. Patrich et al. (Jerusalem, in press) [in Hebrew]

 ‘Visions of the afterlife in the early medieval West’, in The Cambridge Companion to Visionary Literature, ed. R. Pollard (Cambridge, in press)

‘Kultur und Religion zur Zeit Pippin des Jüngeren’, in Pippin I. und die Erneuerung des Frankenreichs, ed. Karl Ubl and Patrick Breternitz (Stuttgart, in press).

‘The Politics of Intellectual Networks in Late Merovingian Francia’, Networks and Neighbours (in press)


Book Reviews

More than 80 reviews of monographs and collected papers in Early Medieval EuropeFranciaRevue Belge de Philologie et d’HistoireThe Medieval ReviewZmanimJournal of Ecclesisatical HistoryScripta Classica IsraelicaAmerican Historical ReviewMediterranean Historical ReviewCristianesimo nella storiaSpeculumCathedraEnglish Historical ReviewCahiers de Civilisation Médiévale, and Ha’aretz.


Scientific editorship of Hebrew translations

J. MacInnes, ‘The Celtic World’, in World Mythology. The Illustrated Guide, ed. R. Willis, trans. I. Lottem (Tel Aviv, 1999), pp. 176-189

N. Cohn, The Pursuit of the Millennium. Revolutionary Millenarians and Mystical Anarchists of the Middle Ages, trans. J. Millo (Jerusalem, 2003)

F. Millar, The Roman Republic in Political Thought, trans. Alit Karp (Jerusalem, 2012).


non numerantur, sed ponderantur!